Sudan at Glance

Wed, 30 Mar 2016…       abdulnaisr hamid

The Sudan at a Glance

Official Name:

The Republic of the Sudan


Sudan is located in the north-east corner of Africa. It borders 7 countries - Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia South Sudan, Central African Republic, Chad and Libya – and the Red Sea.


15o 36´N / 32o 32´E                


1,882,100 km². Second largest country in Africa. Slightly smaller than Indonesia and slightly more than 3 times the size of France.


Generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north. The river Nile is considered as the most eminent element in Sudan’s geography, and Nile basin constitutes approximately 67.4 % of the surface of Sudan. Sudan has 875 Km of coastline.


Tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November). Temperatures reach a maximum of 45 Cº in summer


37,289,406 (2014 - estimate). 61% under the age of 24; 7.3% above the age of 55.


70% Sudanese Arabs, rest include Arabized ethnic groups of Nubians, Zaghawa, and Copts. Sudan has 597 groups that speak over 400 different languages and dialects.


Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic


Omar al-Bashir


Bakri Hassan Saleh

Capital City:

Khartoum (Est. nearly 5 million people)

Other Cities:

Omdurman, Port Sudan, Kassala, EL Obeid, Kosti, Wad Madani, El Fasher, Ad-Damazin and Geneina.


Upper House: Council of States

Lower House: National Assembly

Administrative Organization:

Sudan is divided in to 6 regions (Blue Nile, central Sudan, Darfur, Kassala - Eastern Sudan, Kordofan, and Northern) and 18 States.

Natural Resources:

Minerals: oil, iron, gold, copper, chrome, zinc and mica.

Water and forests.


The Sudanese Pound (SDG)


Arabic and English

Time Zone