Livestock

Wed, 30 Mar 2016…       abdulnaisr hamid

Sudan possesses a huge stock of animal wealth. The estimate for the year 2015 placed it at around 106 million heads distributed among the following varieties: 30.37 heads of cows, 40.21 heads of sheep, 31.22 heads of goats and 4.80 heads of camels, in addition to 46 million of poultry fowls and 110 thousand tons of fish reserve.

The animal wealth sector relies on a sound permanent production base and safer grazing environment, and provides a subsistence and socio economic stability for a large number of populations. As such the sector is fully endowed to contribute to the economic reform program and growth sustainability. The sector participates around 20% of the GDP as well as 50% of the production of the agricultural sector.

The below table shows the number, varieties, and growth rates of the animal population

  Figures in (000,000 heads)

Camels

Goats

Sheep

Cows

Particulars

4.80

31.22

40.21

30.37

2015

0.51

0.8

1

1

Annual growth rate

 

Source: Ministry of Animal Resources (2015)

The following table shows the daily operating and storage capacities for export slaughter houses   

Capacities

Operating capacity per hour

Production per one shift (10 hours per day)

Production in tons per day

Storage capacity ton per day

Slaughter house

Sheep/goats

Cows/camels

Sheep/goats

Cows/camels

Sheep/goats

Cows/camels

chilled

frozen

Kadaro

200

30

2000

300

20

60

100

50

Ghanawa

150

30

2500

300

15

60

60

-

Sabaloga

150

20

1500

200

15

40

80

 

Gimco

200

15

2000

150

20

30

80

20

Karary

100

15

1000

150

10

30

40

-

Nyala

100

15

1000

150

10

30

40

10

Gadaref

100

15

1000

150

10

30

30

10

Atbara

100

15

1000

150

10

30

20

 

Total

1100

155

11000

1550

110

310

450

90

 

The below table shows slaughter houses annual operating and storage capacities:

Annual operating capacity (tons)

 

Cows/camels

Sheep/goats

Slaughter house

 18000

 6000

kadaro

18000

  4500

Ghanawa

18000

  4500

Sabaloga

12000

 6000

Gimco

9000

 3000

Karary

9000

 3000

Nyala

9000

 3000

Gadaref

9000

  3000

Atbara

93000

 33000

Total

 

 

Leather Production:

There exist approximately about 121 leather agencies and storage facilities, 27 tanneries and 21 leather products factories. The tanning capacity amounts to 24 million pieces of sheep/goats skins and one million hides. The tanneries operate at 50% capacity as per skins and 30% capacity for hides due to machineries obsolesce.

The leather craftsmen sector, in Sudan, is the biggest in Africa. The total production of the craftsmen tanneries is estimated at 300 thousands of hides and 3 millions of skins including the skins of wildlife namely traded reptiles.

Export of Animal Wealth:  

The export of animal wealth plays an important role in economic growth and social development. It boasts economic growth by securing foreign currencies and enhancing the balance of payments.

Investment Opportunities In Fodder Production:

The suitable locations for the production of molasses and urea are those where sugar factories are set up such as Kenana, Assalaia, Genaid, Sennar and White Nile. Whereas the best locations for setting up concentrate fodder factories are those towns near to available raw materials locations like; Khartoum, Kassala, medani and Gedariff.

Green fodder processing does also have fruitful opportunities in Darfur, Blue Nile State, Kordofan and Northern States.    

Veterinary Services:

Investments in this field include the integrated veterinary services in traditional grazing areas such as:

  • Cross breeding centers
  • Vaccines production
  • Veterinary quarantines
  • Mobile clinics and veterinary hospitals
  • Production of veterinary medicines

Animal Care and Rearing Methods & production sustainability:

Investment opportunities include the followings:

  • Different life animals transportation methods i.e. trucks, railway wagons, vessels, and locomotives
  • Chilled and frozen transportation vessels for transporting animal products
  • Chilled and frozen storage facilities in bigger consumer towns and markets, and in ports 

Types and Quantities of animal Products:

The following table illustrates the quantities of animal products for the year2014 and 2015:

Product

Quantities(2014)

Quantities(2015)

% change

Red meat (000 tons)

1476

1480

0.27%

Milk (000 tons)

4391

4840

10.2%

Chicken (000 tons)

60

150

150%

Eggs (000 tons)

55

80

45.5%

Fish (000 tons)

-

33

-

Hides and Skins (000 pieces)

-

23000

-

 

Local processing of Animal Products:

Meat Production:

Meat production constitutes a major part of the production plan. It adds value and diversifies exports. Meat consumption has a domestic and foreign growing demand. Now there are five companies in the sector producing about 20 tons per day. The products quality is fairly good coupled with the stemming demand the sector will no doubt have the potential of growth to account for both domestic and foreign markets.

Opportunities for meat Production:

Investment in the sector relies on the growing demand for Sudanese cows particularly in the Arab world based on the fact that Sudanese cow varieties are mainly meant for meat production whereas some varieties do have a tendency for milk production.

The national herd preserves a high growth rate that meets the outtake for both domestic and foreign demand simultaneously, besides the regular supplying of meat factories with their needs which  in turn avails different investment opportunities in the sector.

Animal wealth Exports for the year (2015):

Particulars

2014

2015

% change

Life animals (heads)

5.030.293

6,100,000

121.3%

Meat (tons)

3.683

4.724

128.3%

Hides &skins(pieces)

10,836,244

7.879.815

72.7%

 

Animals and Animal Products Exports to Egypt:

  • Life animals export 216025 heads
  • Meat export 1374 tons

 Milk Production:

There exists a large variety of Sudanese milk producing cows which lend themselves to further genetic improvements for increasing milk production, such as Kenana and botana herds in addition to cross bred clans. Milk production increases responding to herd growth, health improvement and rearing methods. Milk production potential in Sudan is estimated at 7,424 million tons and the available consumable quantity is around 4, 5 million tons coming up to 60% of total production.

Milk is produced through two modes:

1- Grazing and semi grazing mode (traditional)

2- Market oriented mode (modernized)

Investment Opportunities in Milk Production:

Big towns constitute the main consumption locations for both milk and milk products. Investment opportunities are as follows:

  • Dairies near big towns and densely populated areas where the followings are available:
  • Fodder concentrates
  • Veterinary care and services
  • Paved roads
  • Channels and all enabling factors 

Local processing of Animal products:

Leather Processing:

Leather comes the second in the list of animal products exports with an annual value ranging between 35 to 40 million US$ in addition to supplying the domestic leather market with all the necessary needed inputs. Sudanese leather has a continuous world demand for its remarkable qualities- the strength of its fabrics and vast size. The leather sector provides employment opportunities at all stages: slaughtering, storage agencies, tanneries and leather products. The sector realizes value addition at all levels.

Leather Processing Enabling Factors:

  1. A huge animal population
  2. A growing domestic and foreign demand for meat
  3. Slaughter houses are available
  4. There exist a good number of leather agencies and storage facilities in different parts of the country
  5. The existing investment projects such as traditional and modern tanneries, leather workshops and factories supplemented by crave for development.
  6. Leather sector development supporting institutions
  7. Accumulative experiences in leather dealings (Leather Improvement center 1947)
  8. The safeguarding regulatory framework

Investment opportunities:

There are numerous investment opportunities in the sector. In collaboration with the Ministry of Industry, the Ministry of Investment is actively engaging in facilitating the entry of domestic and foreign partners to carry out intensive leather production that meet the international standards.

  • Leather Industrial town for improving the quality and adding value to raw leather
  • Leather intensive production projects and modern slaughter houses of high production capacities
  • Modern tanneries
  • Workshops and factories for inputs production
  • Quality control of produced leather at slaughter houses and agencies
  • Production of tools and materials for processing raw leather.