Wed, 30 Mar 2016…       abdulnaisr hamid

Sudan is rich in diverse natural resources in its land, climate and underground. In the agricultural aspect, the Sudan possesses about 140 million feddans or 588,000 Km2 (just under a third of the country) of agricultural lands near rivers or water resources or irrigated by the rains. The diversity of climates has impact on the diversity of agricultural production in the Sudan. This includes fruits, oilseeds, food grains, gum Arabic, and other diverse crops, thanks to fertile lands and abundant water. 

Sudan has a huge livestock spread in large areas of natural pastures and reached in 2012 a total of (104,911) heads (of camels, cows, sheep and goats), in addition to the huge wealth of wildlife. Moreover, the available part of the wealth of fishes in the different rivers and the Red Sea represents a big nutrition stock.


Gum Arabic

The dried sap is a natural emulsifier and is prized throughout the world by the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and ink manufacturers. It is found in soft drinks, chocolate candies, gummy candies, and marshmallows; it coats medicine capsules and helps cough syrup sooth a scratchy throat.  (WB)

  • Sudan is the world’s largest producer of gum Arabic. 
  • The country liberalized the sector in 2009 with the assistance of the WB. 
  • Total output was about 77,000 tons in 2012 and Sudan is targeting 100,000 tons in 2013.
  • The country earned $81.8 million from selling 45,633 tons of gum arabic in 2011, compared with 18,202 tons valued at $23.8 million a year earlier.
  • Sudan´s Gum Arabic exports increased by 120% in 2012 to 35,064 tons for a value of $52 M.
  • Key export countries: France, the UK, India and the US.

Source: FAO, COMTRADE UN, World Bank, Sudan Central Bank


  • A world Market demand of about $850 million in 2013 a 7% increase from 2012.
  • Its application in various industries makes this product a very valued commodity.
  • Over the years Sudan has developed a complete protocol of gum arabic husbandry from seed collection through nursery techniques, planting, tending, tapping, collection, cleaning, grading, processing and marketing.
  • Sudan commands nearly half of the worldwide market for Gum Arabic.

Sources: ITC and FAO

 Sesame Seeds, Ground Nuts and Sunflower:

  • Sudan is the third largest producer of sesame seeds in the world in 2013 after China and India with over 560,000 tons.
  • Total harvested area in 2013 is of 5.15 million feddans or 2.16 million hectares.
  • Sudan is first among nine African and Arab sesame-exporting countries.
  • Sudan produces 80% of the sesame cultivated in the Arab region and over 40% of that cultivated in Africa, 
  • Given its location, soil characteristics and climate, Sudan´s sesame seeds have proven to be less acidic and provide a larger amount of oil than the sesame seeds grown in the other leading country producers of sesame seeds and oil.
  • China, Japan, Turley, Vietnam, Korea and the USA are the largest importers of sesame seeds in the world.
  • Sudan exported 175,475 tons of sesame seeds for a total value of $187.7 million in 2012.


  • African sesame seed is used for oil and is a benchmark for international prices. It is currently trading at around $2,200 per ton. The price hit the $2,500 range in 2008 before it sank to around $1,300 in 2012.
  • China is the largest producer but its production has fallen and may continue to do so as it seeks to import greater quantities.
  • World market demand for sesame seeds was estimated at $850 million in 2011 and is expected to keep rising.

Source: COMTRADE, FAO and Ministry of Agriculture of Sudan.